Prevention

Nutrition and bone, muscle and joint health are closely related. A healthy diet can help you prevent and manage osteoporosis and related musculoskeletal disorders by assisting in the production and maintenance of bone. Conversely, if you're not getting the right nutrients you're putting yourself at greater risk for bone, muscle and joint disease. So which nutrients should you be getting, and what... Read more
Vitamin D is essential for the development and maintenance of bone, both for its role in assisting calcium absorption from food in the intestine, and for ensuring the correct renewal and mineralization of bone tissue. The type of vitamin D made in the skin is referred to as vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), whereas the dietary form can be vitamin D3 or a closely related molecule of plant origin known... Read more
These brochures are freely available for download and use. They include easy-to-understand advice on building and maintaining strong bones at every stage of life, as well as tips on recognizing osteoporosis risk factors and minimizing the likelihood of fractures. Click on the images or links below for more information. Read more
When it comes to prevention, enough cannot be said to highlight the importance of an active lifestyle, not only for prevention of sarcopenia, but for prevention of multitude of diseases. Numerous studies show resistance training in combination with aerobic exercise is effective in maintaining muscle mass and slowing progression of sarcopenia as we age. Research has also revealed nutrition plays... Read more
Calcium is important for preventing osteoporosis and bone disease, as it's a major building-block of our bone tissue - our skeleton houses 99 % of our body's calcium stores. The calcium in our bones also acts as a reservoir for maintaining calcium levels in the blood, which is essential for healthy nerves and muscles. Read more
1. What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is a disease in which bone density and quality are reduced. As bones become more porous and fragile, the risk of fractures greatly increases. Bone loss occurs "silently" and progressively – often there are no symptoms until the first fracture occurs. For these reasons, osteoporosis is often referred to as the "silent epidemic". Read more about osteoporosis. Read more
Exercise plays an important role in building and maintaining bone and muscle strength. It also helps to reduce falls by improving balance and aids rehabilitation from fractures. Muscles and bones respond and strengthen when they are 'stressed'. This can be achieved by weight bearing or impact exercises. Read our exercise recommendations. Why exercise is vital for bone and muscle health: Read more
Exercise plays an important role in building and maintaining bone strength. Just like muscles, bones respond when they are stressed, in other words, when they are forced to bear more weight than they are used to. This can be achieved by weight bearing or impact exercises. Read more
Scientific research now supports the use of proven therapies to prevent osteoporotic fractures based on the individual's probability of fracture as opposed to their bone density score alone (2). This relatively new concept has been validated to ensure its accuracy and reproducibility by a WHO working group (established in 1998) in collaboration with IOF and the (US) National Osteoporosis... Read more
Genetic factors play a significant role in determining whether an individual is at heightened risk of osteoporosis. However, lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity also influence bone development in youth and the rate of bone loss later in life. Read more

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